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Calgary /ˈkælɡ(ə)ri/ may be a town within the province of Alberta, Canada. it's located at the confluence of the Bow stream and therefore the Elbow stream within the south of the province, in a locality of foothills and grassland, about eighty metric linear unit (50 mi) east of the front ranges of the Canadian range . Calgary Homes | New Homes For Sale Calgary At the 2011 census, the town of metropolis had a population of one,096,833[3] and a metropolitan population of one,214,839, creating it the most important town in Alberta, and therefore the third-largest municipality and fifth-largest census metropolitan space (CMA) in North American nation.[5]

The economy of metropolis includes activity within the energy, money services, film and tv, transportation and supplying, technology, producing, aerospace, health and well-being, retail, and business enterprise sectors.[8] The metropolis CMA is home to the second-most company head offices in North American nation among the country's 800 largest companies.[9]

The site became a post of the North-West Mounted Police (now the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or RCMP). The NWMP detachment was assigned in 1875 to guard the western plains from U.S. New Luxury Custom Showhomes Calgary strong drink traders, and to guard the fur trade. Originally named Fort Brisebois, when NWMP officer Éphrem-A. Brisebois, it had been renamed Fort metropolis in 1876 by commissioned military officer James John Macleod. it had been named when metropolis on the island of Mull, Scotland. whereas there's some disagreement on the naming of the city, the repository on the island of Mull explains that kald and gart area unit similar Old Norse words, which means "cold" and "garden", that were seemingly used once named by the Vikings World Health Organization underpopulated the Inner Hebrides.[14] instead, the name would possibly come back from the Gaelic, Cala ghearraidh, which means 'beach of the hayfield (pasture)'.[citation needed]

When the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the world in 1883, and a rail station was made, metropolis began to grow into a very important business and agricultural centre. The Canadian Pacific Railway headquarters rapt to metropolis from metropolis in 1996.[15] metropolis was formally incorporated as a city in 1884, and nonappointive its initial politician, Saint George Murdoch. In 1894, it had been incorporated as "The town of Calgary" in what was then the North-West Territories.[16]

The metropolis hearth of 1886 occurred on November seven, 1886. Fourteen buildings were destroyed with losses calculable at $103,200. though nobody was killed or cut,[17] town officers written a law requiring all giant downtown buildings to be engineered with Paskapoo arenaceous rock, to stop this from happening once more.[18]

After the arrival of the railway, the Dominion Government started leasing pastureland at marginal value (up to a hundred,000 acres (400 km2) for one cent per acre per year). As a results of this policy, giant agriculture operations were established within the far country close to metropolis. Already a transportation and distribution hub, metropolis quickly became the centre of Canada's Bos taurus promoting and meat packing industries.[citation needed]

By the late nineteenth century, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) enlarged into the inside and established posts on rivers that later developed into the trendy cities of Winnipeg, metropolis and provincial capital. In 1884, the HBC established a sales look in metropolis. The HBC conjointly engineered the primary of the grand "original six" malls in metropolis in 1913, Cochrane New Homes Builders Okotoks SW the others that followed area unit provincial capital, Vancouver, Victoria, Saskatoon, and Winnipeg
 
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